THE TRUE HISTORY OF MALAYSIA

THE TRUE HISTORY OF MALAYSIA


HISTORY OF CHINESE                                                                      & INDIANS IN MALAYSIA

As stated by Raja Petra Kamarudin (RPK)

RPK

A confusion has erupted due to ignorance. It has been stated that the Indians came here as beggars and the Chinese as prostitutes. Actually, if you were to really study Malayan and Malaysian history over the last 500 years or so, you will find that this country’s history is not just about beggars and prostitutes. It is about much more than that.

Malayan history has to be dissected into many periods. And each of these periods saw immigration involving almost all the races in Malaysia, save the Orang Asli (the Original People). In New Zealand, these Orang Asli would be the Maoris and in Australia the Aborigines. Therefore, anyone who is neither a Maori nor an Aborigine is a ‘pendatang’ or immigrant.

THE ARABS IN MALAYSIA

The Arabs and the Indians (Muslims from Gujarat) came to Malaya more than 500 years ago as traders and merchants. These were the people who brought Islam to this country. At that time, the locals were mostly Hindus while those from Negeri Sembilan were Buddhists, plus many who worshipped trees, the sea, rivers, mountains and whatnot. The coming of the Arab and Indian merchants exposed the locals to Islam.

In those days, the people followed their Rulers. Therefore, when the Rulers converted to Islam the people followed – although they may not have believed in Islam or understood the religion. In fact, many till today still do not understand Islam after more than 500 years.

THE CHINESE IN MALAYSIA

Then along came the Chinese and many were actually Muslims as well. Islam first reached China around 100 years after Prophet Muhammad. This means Islam had ‘migrated’ to China about 1,300 to 1,400 years ago, 800 to 900 years earlier than Islam in Malaysia. Of course, in the northern states bordering Thailand it was earlier than that. (Refer to the Batu Bersurat discovered in Kuala Berang in Terengganu).

Is it not ironical that Malays call Chinese Muslims ‘mualaf’ when the Chinese were Muslims almost 1,000 years before the Malays even heard of Islam?

Okay, now take my family as an example. The Selangor Sultanate was founded in 1745. The first Sultan, Raja Lumu, migrated here from the Riau islands in Indonesia. By then, of course, the Arabs, Indians and Chinese had already been here 200 to 300 years, some even longer.

But these Arabs, Indians and Chinese were traders and merchants, not warriors or fighters, whereas the Bugis from Riau only knew one occupation – fighting and plundering. In short, they were pirates, which was a noble profession back in those days where even Queen Elizabeth the First knighted those English pirates who plundered Spanish ships.

In fact, the Bugis came here because of a sort of civil war in their home country. There was a fight over a girl and the son of the local Ruler was killed in that fight. So the offending party was exiled and had to leave Riau. And that was when they came here in the 1700s and founded the Selangor Sultanate.

Do not members of the Selangor Royal Family fighting with their Ruler and going into exile sound very familiar to you? Yes, 300 years ago this was the ‘tradition’ and still is in my case.

Invariably, the Bugis, being fighters, took Selangor as their territory by the sheer force of its ‘army’. None of the traders, who although were here earlier, would dare resist the Bugis who enjoyed killing (some Bugis still do today, as you may well be aware). But Selangor was under Perak patronage.

So Raja Lumu had to make a trip to Lumut in Perak to get crowned as the First Sultan by the then 17th or so Sultan of Perak. (Can’t remember if it was the 15th or 17th but it was around that). And he took the name of Sultan Salehuddin Shah.

Selangor eventually grew in prosperity. Actually, tin had already been discovered even before Raja Lumu became Sultan in 1745. And it was the Chinese who were working the tin mines. But now, since Selangor had a ‘government’, all the land in Selangor became ‘state property’. And therefore the Chinese had to get permission from the Sultan before they could mine for tin.

Around 100 years later, only when Sultan Abdul Samad took over as the Fourth Sultan of Selangor in 1859 (he was born in 1804) did they properly organize the tin industry. New areas were opened up in Ampang, Rawang, Kajang, and whatnot. And of course, all these tin mines were owned by the Sultan and members of his family — brothers, sons, nephews, etc.

The Malays, however, did not want to work those mines. Conditions were hard and diseases wiped out entire communities. Those who survived these brutal conditions were the exception rather than the rule. So they needed people who were desperate enough to work those tin mines and were prepared to take the risk and probably lose the ‘gamble’.

And who else to talk to if not the Chinese who had already been working those mines for hundreds of years?

So members of the Selangor Royal Family went into ‘joint venture’ with the Chinese, just like they did in Perak, another rich tin state. The Malay Royals would ‘arrange’ for the tin concessions and the Chinese would provide the labour force to work those concessions. In a way, you could say that the Selangor Royal Family were the first to ‘invent’ the Ali Baba system back in the 1800s, long before the New Economic Policy in 1970.

Anyway, to reach Ampang and those other surrounding rich tin areas, they had to travel up the Klang River. Raja Abdullah and Yap Ah Loy led the first expedition and they landed on the site where the Gombak River and Kelang River meet. The place where they landed is the site of the famous Masjid Jamek in Kuala Lumpur.

From there they marched overland through the jungle into Ampang. And thereafter Kuala Lumpur was never the same again. It prospered and continued to prosper over more than 200 years from the 1800s.

Yap Ah Loy bought up a lot of land in Kuala Lumpur and built his business empire. He opened bars, brothels and all sorts of businesses, legal as well as illegal (illegal by today’s standards though). Even the British Colonial ‘masters’ would patronise Yap Ah Loy’s brothels to sample the latest ‘China Dolls’ brought in from the mainland.

Of course, the normal customers would have to pay for these vices. The British masters, however, could enjoy all these services for free. Yes, even back in the 1800s the Chinese businessmen were already bribing the government officials.

Now, while Yap Ah Loy has been entered into the history books as the ‘Founder of Kuala Lumpur’, Raja Abdullah is never mentioned. The only thing associated with Raja Abdullah is that road in Kampong Baru that carries his name. Yap Ah Loy may have been the capitalist who opened up Kuala Lumpur.

But he was only able to do so because he had a ‘sleeping’ partner, Raja Abdullah, who gave him all this land to develop.

Okay, that is the Chinese story. So, yes, some did come here as prostitutes working for Yap Ah Loy. But that was incidental. Whenever frontier land is opened up the girls servicing these frontier-men follow – like in the Wild West of America. Would you say that the White immigrants to America were all prostitutes?

THE INDIANS IN MALAYSIA

Now, over to the Indians. As I said, the Indian (and Arab) traders and merchants first came here more than 500 years ago and even brought Islam to this country. But the ‘other’ Indians, the workers, came at about the time that Yap Ah Loy and Raja Abdullah were turning Kuala Lumpur into a thriving metropolis.

At that time, the British planters were in Ceylon (Sri Lanka today) growing cocoa. Then a plant disease spread throughout the island and all the trees died. But this disease not only killed all the trees but contaminated the land as well. This means the land was now useless and it was not a matter of just replanting.

Then the British looked at Malaya and decided that the conditions (land, climate, etc.) in Malaya were the same as in Ceylon. So they relocated their cocoa estates to Malaya. But there was no way they could get the Malays to work these cocoa estates. Furthermore, the Ceylonese workers were well trained and had been doing this work for years.

So, in the mid-1800s, the British brought the now unemployed Ceylonese cocoa workers to this country to work the Malayan cocoa plantations.

Then disaster struck. Brazil over-planted cocoa and this triggered a worldwide glut. It was no longer economical to plant cocoa. The price you would fetch for your cocoa was lower than your production cost. The British had no choice but to close down the cocoa plantations.

Around that time, the British, who had mischievously smuggled rubber seeds out of Brazil (which was a crime then), successfully grew rubber trees in the Kew Gardens in London. They also did some research and discovered a better way of planting rubber trees where the trees would give a better yield compared to the trees in Brazil. Rubber planting in Brazil was haphazard and not properly organized.

Since Malaya had to close down all its cocoa plantations and it now had idle plantation land and surplus Ceylonese workers, the British planters decided to switch over to rubber. And because the British took advantage of research and technology, the Malayan rubber trees were more productive and profitable. Eventually, Malaya dislodged Brazil as the top rubber producer in the world.

So, from the mid-1800s to around 1920, Indians and Chinese came to Malaya in great numbers. This was more or less the second wave of mass migration. And it was for economic reasons and to provide the labour for jobs that the Malays would never do. But there were earlier and other migrations as well.

For example, around the late 1800s and early 1900s, the British set up English medium schools for Malays. One such school, the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, was a school exclusive for sons of Royalty and the Malay elite. Invariably, they needed schoolteachers who were proficient in the English language. And India offered a good source of English medium schoolteachers (Malays could not speak English yet at that time).

On the commercial side, there were many Indian businesses, workers and whatnot. But there was no way they could qualify for loans from British owned banks. So the Indians from the Chettiar community came here to set up money-lending businesses to service their community.

When the Malayan rail network was being developed, where else to get the workers if not from the country with the largest railway in the world, India?

WE ARE ALL MALAYSIANS

AND THIS, MY FRIENDS,

IS THE TRUE HISTORY OF MALAYSIA…!!!

142 Responses to “THE TRUE HISTORY OF MALAYSIA”

  1. plz tell me the true history of malays people before colonozation.

    • Like stated several times in this blog,Malayo Polynesians arrived from China,Tibet some 8000 years ago.
      Civilization came when the Chinese interacted with Indians ,1st AD.

  2. Ryan Shaarma Says:

    Very well explained.

  3. I really appreciate all the informations given which also goes for your effort. I am in the midst of scritping for a documentary and yours came in as a surprise and you explain very well.

    Probably we could share more informations together.

  4. wonderful and very interesting to read and know about the History of Malaysia and people. dkumar-filmaker

  5. Being a filmaker I do a docu film on Malaysia and will feel its my previlege. dkumar-filmaker

  6. “The Arabs and the Indians (Muslims from Gujarat) came to Malaya more than 500 years ago as traders and merchants. These were the people who brought Islam to this country. At that time, the locals were mostly Hindus while those from Negeri Sembilan were Buddhists.”
    “Now, over to the Indians. As I said, the Indian (and Arab) traders and merchants first came here more than 500 years ago and even brought Islam to this country”
    my humble comments: writer has noted here that the first indians who came here were muslims from gujerat. yet he also said that the locals were mainly hindus n buddhists before islam was spread here. hinduism and buddhism originated in india. my question is, how can the locals be hindus and muslims, if the first indians here were the ones who spread islam 500 years ago? a well known fact is, KING RAJENDRA CHOLA of CHOLA EMPIRE from south india lead the first indian INFLUENCE HERE circa 500 AD. e.g. the first indians of his kingdom were the ones who names kedah as ‘kadaram’. chola spread hinduism to the malayan and indonesian continent.that is how the locals here were first hindus or buddhists. so, the gujerats who spead islam cant be the first indians in malaya of that time!!

    • Rashid Malik Says:

      Dear bonnie :
      the author of this history is quite right , I think you misunderstand it b/c he wrote that before 500 years ago Indians and Arabs came here and they spread Islam over here and you mean that at that time there were no muslims in India . Before 500 year the Mughals (Muslim) were the rural of India subcontinent and before that period there were so many states in India and most of the population was hindu or buddhists . the history of last 500 or 600 year is that most of the population of India was Muslims and in this period they came to Malaysia and spread islam . The history of Hinduism and buddhism is old than the history of islam in india , so first hinuisn and buddhism spread in Malaysia from india and then islam .

      • I agree with Rashid. Furthermore, just to state the case, Islam spread via the early traders in multiple sites along the West coast of India, after it had taken root in the cradle of its origin. As such, the seafarers were more likely the Southern Indians – probably from the Malabar coastline – who brought Islam to the region…effectively, a similar stock of people who brought Hinduism and Buddhism to this part of the world in the first place. Of course, if you travelled around the region to ALL our neighbouring countries, you would know this ;-)

        All other things equal, it would be the simplest hypothesis that is probably the most likely.

        In the end, its just the laws of trade, religion and human migration…we all share similar traditions and desires. All schisms are created for political gain…so deal with it.

      • Better picture…thanks sir

    • Well said !!!!

    • yup tatz true…

    • @Rashid and emmee Bonnie are right also, Southen indian King Chola empire already at Malaysia almost 1000 years ago and he ruled Kedah as kadaram. and he also 1st Indian king who ruled out of India in SEA. Anda masih boleh nampak budaya King chola di Bali, thailand, srilanka, burmese. In KL in rememberance of King goverment named one of street ‘ jln raja chulan’. Islam to @Rashid and emmee Bonnie are right also, Southen indian King Chola empire already at Malaysia almost 1000 years ago and he ru@Rashid and emmee Bonnie are right also, Southen indian King Chola empire already at Malaysia almost 1000 years ago and he ruled Kedah as kadaram. and he also 1st Indian king who ruled out of India in SEA. Anda masih boleh nampak budaya King chola di Bali, thailand, srilanka, burmese. In KL in rememberance of King goverment named one of street ‘ jln raja chulan’. Islam to Malaysia not from Gujarat indian or Arab but by southern indian. That why malay language mixed with more tamil words. The ‘melayu’ word also from ‘MALAYUR’ one of place name in south indialed Kedah as kadaram. and he also 1st Indian king who ruled out of India in SEA. Anda masih boleh nampak budaya King chola di Bali, thailand, srilanka, burmese. In KL in rememberance of King goverment named one of street ‘ jln raja chulan’. Islam to Malaysia not from Gujarat indian or Arab but by southern indian. That why malay language mixed with more tamil words. The ‘melayu’ word also from ‘MALAYUR’ one of place name in south indiaMalaysia not from Gujarat indian or Arab but by southern indian. That why malay language mixed with more tamil words. The ‘melayu’ word also from ‘MALAYUR’ one of place name in south india.

    • Ya it’s true

    • 1000 AD,was the intervention of the Chola in Sri Vijaya’s Kadaram. India’s Sri Vijaya empire has been in this archipelago even before the start of AD,before building the 1st sultanate here at Kedah in the 6th AD!It’s peoples brought Islam over by the 8th AD.

    • As stated many times,seafarers Sri Vijaya empire from India roamed this Malay archipelago even before the start of the AD!

      To your logical quest on the arrival of our official religion..Sri Vijayan clansmen shared religious & civilization with the Chinese earlier at the start of the AD.Our official religion wasn’t brought here by the Indians until somewhere at the 8th AD.

    • Indian ‘intervention’ occurred more than 500 years ago. When they first brought Buddhism & Hinduism along with their cultures,it was the Sri Vijayan empire that controlled India at that time before the start of the millennium.
      Kedah’s was the first Hindu sultanate in our country,beginning 6th AD before converting to Islam in the 8th AD.
      Chola followed the initial route by the 1000 AD, & started to drive out the Sri Vijayans. Routing up the remnants across Thailand,Burma ,Nepal,Bangladesh etc….

  7. bujang valley is rich in artifact n evidences. a more accurate fact of the arrivals of indians in malaysia is definitely marked in bujang valley. the richness bujang valley has been secluded from the public’s eye (the extent of it). i guess there is evidence here of indian mark even before king chola came to ‘kadaram’.
    you can read more for reference ” http://veda.wikidot.com/info:kadaram

    • Nope, all of that temple were built by the local Malay with the help of the Indian.If u look closely, all of that temple have a indigenous culture attach to it, such as ancestor worshipping n other southeast asian pagan belief.Here is the article that I found in Tamil Hinduism website:

      N.J.Ryan argues that in Kedah in the North-West of the Malaysian peninsula, there was no large immigration of Indian settlers; rather there was the influence of traders and missionaries. These people, rather like the Europeans in later centuries, were responsible for popularizing their way of life and religion. Many inhabitants – MALAY by race – became HINDUor BUDDHISTS, and THEY BUILT THE TEMPLES whose remains have been found in Kedah. Thus the POPULATION of Kedah for example, did not change, and CHINESE REPORTS affirm that the native societies had ADOPTED Indian culture but had not become Indian colonies.[1976:8]

      • May I add…Lembah Bujang in Kedah’s findings were from the era of Golden Chersonese,1st AD!Statues of Buddha & Hindu dieties located dated back to the 1st century!Coins were used in trades,as described by Ptolemy,when during the Malaccan hey- days,they still barter traded!

        Civilization was brought here by the Chinese & Indians during this period.Words were drafted out from Sanskrit, & the earliest kingdom in Malaya was Kadaram’s at the 6th AD!Kedah’s rulers were initially Hindus until mass conversion took to Islam in the 8th AD,which was again brought in by the Indians!

        By the turn of the 1st millennium,another south Indian Chola empire emerged,& tracked down the Sri Vijayan’s route oversea.A well known story was when the Cholas attacked Kadaram in the beginning of the 1st millenium.

        The decline of the Sri Vijayan’s begun,as the Malaccan empire had to seek the Chinese help in protecting them a from the Siamese… .Cholas?

      • Actually,who were the local malays?As mentioned in many instances,Malayo Polynesians trekked here from central Asia..Tibet,China 8000 years ago.
        Civilisation came from the Indians & Chinese traders. Thus,sharing their faith as well.

        Lembah Bujang’s discoveries of Hinduism and Buddhism statues, & the chaandis ( place of worship ) built were by the Indians, who came across the straits to interact with the Chinese in the 1st AD!

        The first sultanate in our country was the Sri Vijaya’s Kadaram, or Kedah ,established in the 6th AD.

      • A good point Samsung. It has always occurred to me how like Nepalese Gurkhas some Malays are.

      • Where did the Malayo Polynesian find the expertise to built? As those who crossed into Americas,the natives lived in tepees until this day! Without civilisation,& they had to Sanskrit-ed words to sound into their dialect!

        The initial Kedah’s kingdom was Hindu,until the arrival of Islam brought by the Indians as well!

        Bronze statues of Buddha & Hindu deities were found at Gg. Jerai in Kedah compounded this era in the first few ADs!Coins were used to trade,when the Malaccan legacy in the 14th AD had still barter-traded!

  8. Hi Bonnie

    TQ for the updates. I truly appreciate your input. Yes, more of us need to speak up so we can indeed have the REAL history revealed.
    – Dev -

  9. raymon dran Says:

    Its was a actual story wich current gov over turn with magic story.
    Just a dout , in indian history its stated that malays are using approx 8000 sanskrit words of hindusm / indian. eg Bumiputera, raja, neraka, surga, sakti, maha, gajah, suami, pournami, …. . If their words are taken from hindusm what / who are they actually ??? means they are hindu converted to islam ? The Actual name of malaysia before malaya is Sornabumi – a tamil words.. who name it. as the above commend. Raja chola already in malaya before the British. If the Malay comes from Indonesia? The Indonesia ‘ s name its self is a indian words wat? Can the indian take the cuntry back?

    • lovemalaysia Says:

      Let us all look out for history. I am eager to know the past/ history and looking for answers. No Indian wants to take back the country. They only want to be recognised and not humiliated. Yes, the people in all the nusantara here was Hindus but when they convert they should not deny the past. Even China today follow the Indian medicine and martial arts from Indian monk/yogi. Well there are evident that Vikram aditya was in Middle East because when Islam came to India, they broght back the Indians to learn, maths, science, medicine and even religion. Don’t you see the similarity in Haj- Bolding the head, sacrifice goat, going around the kaabha, holy water, the cloth they wear, fasting, chanting, meditation and the list goes on. If we go deep in the root of the history, we will find that all is one. One one is superior but it is a finding of the starting point.

  10. http://www.malaysianbar.org.my/legal/general_news/history_textbooks_biased_say_writers.html

    Apparently Yap Ah Loy is no longer the “Founder of Kuala Lumpur”

    • The reason that Yap Ah Loy is no longer the Founder of KL is because the Malaysian Government led by UMNO is feeling shy or ashame of its true history, so try to get some intellectuals to change its history in order to safe their face. They just do not want to face the fact !

    • lovemalaysia Says:

      Well many more will be missing from the history book soon. Now they found the Parameswaraa died as Hindu therefore they will take him out as the founder of Melaka. I wonder why do they still follow the Hindu culture and salutation if they want to hide the truth so much. Sri Paduka Baginda Yang – translation: Upon your hoyy feed. This is an Hindu salutaion when Baratha took the throne from is brother Rama. He took Rama’s shoe on his head and govern the Ayuthia until Rama return from his 14 years of forest life. Sri is the highes salutaion in Hindu still used to salute all our dignitaries. Ampun Tuanku beribu ribu ampun is also India Royal salutation before seeing the ruler/Raja. Our whole cabinet follow the Indian system. Perdana Menteri, Menteri, Raja, Permaisuri, Putera, Putri. By the way even UMNO follow the Indian way – Bumiputera – Indian name. Putra UMNO, Puteri UMNO, Wanita – same in Kerala/Malayalam. Also check many Malayalam word is is the same as the Malay. The house in Kerala is the same done in Kampong in Malaysia.

      • hello lovemalaysia. im not championing anything here. but since you pointed out something, i thought i’ll give some details as well. you mentioned ‘malayalam’. just want to add in (or maybe correct it). i hope you do know that all south indian languages rooted from the dravidian language which is tamil. tamil is older than the rest which is why tamil is one of the only few ‘languages of antiquity’ in the world. the other language from the indian continent which shares the same fame is sanskrit. and tamil is included in the group only with the earliest found written evidence. no one knows how long this dravidian language has survived for, for real.
        the last 1000 years, dravidian language evolved due to the spread of culture. the persians came and the locals went afar. sanskrit was assimilated into tamil and geographically till today, one can see how the language has evolved in the indian continent from north till south n vice versa.
        malayalam is the closest sounding language to tamil in these days because it only evolved very recently, circa 13-15th century.
        i hope you do get what im trying to say.
        but hey, probably no point in talking which is which because malaysian goverment doesnt like to acknowledge malaysia’s own identity and origin….

      • I magically discovered this site and really enjoy reading all the history and postulations. My brain is expanding as I continue to read. Well done..

      • Vahyuputra Says:

        If I Am Not Mistaken Parameswara Name Has Already Been Changed To Sultan Muzaffar Shah & Parameswara No Longer Exist In History Books….

      • @lovemalaysia, malayalam from tamil word ‘mala eelam’ people who stay at hills region. Malayalee people origin from tamil which gradually separated from tamil. Modern day malayalee people 100% speaking tamils almost 1000 years ago later mixed with sanskrit. Malayalee people origin from 100% tamil.

      • Indians played a prominent part in the the shaping of these South East Asian kingdoms.Civilization started in India & China many thousands years ahead.In fact,traces of homo sapiens/ erectus were found in China. Many thousand years ago, Malayo Polynesians migrated from Tibet,China.
        Around the 1st AD,the Indians began to expand their kingdoms to the south east, encompassing land via Burma ,Thailand,& sailed across the ocean to Indonesia, before crossing the straits and land, into our country.
        As they inhabited each foreign soil,clans broke up among themselves in the process of establishing kingdoms.Even Sri Vijaya’s Parameswara had to escape to Malacca from Temasek, before his descendant married Princess Hang Li Po.Brought in by the eunuch muslim admiral Cheng Ho,Islam was officiated by the union of the of the Chinese muslim princess and the sultan. Bear in mind,it was the Indians who first introduced Islam in the 7 AD, to this land.
        Chinese accounted at the same time,maybe earlier,their presence in this region as the Indians.Cambodia was South China,and trading began to flourish between the Indians and the Chinese overland as early as 1 AD,Chitu as we learnt in school. Chinese monks were acquiring their religious knowledge to the west & trading flourished at the Golden Chersonese ,as described by Ptolemy in the 1st AD.Not surprisingly,Ptolemy & Alexander The Great who conquered up to India, shared the same Alexandria,though 500 years apart. Located at Kelantan & Kedah at the narrowest stretch of the peninsular,religious artifacts found at Gunung Jerai,Kedah dated to the start of the AD. Even in Tumpat,Kelantan lies the biggest reclining statue of Buddha in SEA.

      • i am suprice because

  11. Wow, this really puts it together for me. I didn’t understand the country I came from and many of the locals didn’t know either. We had british, hindu, chinese, dutch, french and malay friends and relatives… There are many people contructing different websites out there about their own history in Malasia, history related to war around that area and more regional real history from historians. I would like to see more. Keep up the good work!

  12. I have been researching a lot about malaysian/indonesian history. The bugis wrote the longest epic in the world. Any group that is capable of producing an epic of such a proportion cannot possibly be just “pirates” and “killers”. All epic producers have had a dynamic and advanced civilization during its day, such as the greeks and indians. also, many historical documents I have been going through suggest the bugis as a very fine and powerful race, but not without their faults like everyone else. I have the strongest feeling that this ill-description of the bugis race is a personal vendetta of the writer against some malaysian leaders who are of bugis origin.

    • Su, can you enlighten us on the Bugis language and its origin? It would be amazing that they had a well-developed language, when the many other races in the maritime region do not have one!!!

  13. prakash kaur Says:

    It”s an eye opener indeed,but Hinuduism was in existence much even 500 years earlier.
    Yes The Cholas!
    Anyhow the article is great indeed.
    More is needed to unite the people of today.
    Thank You Raj Petra

  14. prakash kaur Says:

    Oops Sorry for the English.It should have been ” Hinduism was in existence in Malaysia even much before the mentioned 500 years ago,it was 500 AD!!

  15. I think it is well said and better explained in our school history book. During British, Chinese came here doing business and Indians came here working at plantation. Never know that most Chinese came here was a prostitute.

    Mualaf is for those non Muslim converted to Muslim. We don’t call Chinese (or any race) born Muslims as Mualaf, they are Chinese muslim.

    I think you should check credibility of your stories before trying to spread wrong stories.

    • You sound like a prostitute, alrite! Who says MOST Chinese came here was a prostitute?

      • You sound like a prostitute, alrite! Who says MOST Chinese came here was a prostitute? Read the article properly, if you can read English. It says that it is incidental that some prostitutes came along.

    • QUOTE: “Never know that most Chinese came here was a prostitute.”

      People read but they don’t understand what they read. When you tell them it is not, they think it is!!! Amii, do you know the difference between “incidental” and “most”?

    • It is indeed idiotic, & took an infidel to simply pen down such obnoxious statements eg.Chinese came as prostitues!
      The region in contention’s central Asia…Tibet,Mongolia etc. Chinese tribe of the Malayo Polynesian arrived 7 to 8 thousand years ahead to the south Yunan province,where agriculture cultivation was inherited!Known as proto-malays,the furthered south to this archipelago,thus filling up the Pacific rim!
      In the south of Indonesia,Kalimantan etc.,deutero malays were the hunter gatherers from the same Malayo origins.
      As the Indians spread their boundaries across the ocean & east wards to Asia south-east, nations were created by the different clans.
      Buddhism & Hinduism religious seekers shared their civilization & faith during the 1st AD,as what was found at Lembah Bujang.
      Islam was brought by the Indians at the 8th AD & offiiated by the Chinese in the 1400s at the union of a muslim Chinese princess & our local sultan,a descendant of Parameswara.
      The Indians did not come as rubber tappers,they were the king-makers in this SEA!

    • Your apprehension, amiii,of the comprehension from the above writer reflects your sub-standard ability,so as not to post further comments to further self-degrade.You must be from the below-parred fraternity..

  16. Yes, Bonnie is absolutely right. RPK has only covered the recent or modern history, but not the ancient history of Malaya. Why the word ‘Malaya’ itself means hills in Sanskrit.. hence the population of Malaya became to be known as what we know today Malays ( people who live in the hills).. however, at that time ancient Malaya was predominantly occupied by people who professed and practised the Vedic ( more loosely known as ‘Hindu’) religion and culture.

  17. Another thing,should anybody need evidence of what wrote earlier, just look at yourselves or the people around you.. look at the culture of the Malays for an instance, you will see the rich Vedic Culture that is still being practised by them till today! What more proof you all need?! :-)

  18. tanchuangchung Says:

    Who am I is an important issue! but why we still differenciate whom am I issue, races issue and religion issue ? while other country pay more attention on global wild business and technology ?

    • hi there..this is because our history has been twisted by the malaysian government. and for a society to move forward and be successful, it has to know its root..its culture and history. its absolutely important. you learn from past. not a wrong past. one pays respect for one’s true origin, be proud of it, embrace it. trust me, one becomes more patriotic than ever with that! this is one of the reasons coutries like japan, south n north korea, china and many more are successful…one must know one’s history, culture and embrace it to be a better serving citizen. it is not meant to divide.

  19. I hope everybody can study the history seriously

  20. thank you.

    well said and explained

  21. GlobeFriends Says:

    History records the presence of Chinese in Malaysia for the past 600 years; the sea faring Ming dynasty’s emperor put the important Sultanate of Malacca, which controlled the strategic straits for trade, under his protection.
    To seal this bargain, Ming geneology chronicles make mention of the marriage of the princess Hang Li Po to the legendary sultan Paramaswara. She brought with her a retinue of 200 attendants. This began the settling of Chinese in the Malaya [later called 'Malaysia']. The men brought wives and the bachelors married Malay women whom they sinicised. These early Chinese retained their cultural identity, yet spoke Malay and wrote in the Arabised ‘jauwi’.
    Mostly from Fujian province, their descendent in time form an aristocracy of lineage and claim to Malaysia. We know them as Peranakan [Straits born], the well known babas and nonyas, whose cooking, clothing, and architecture, and industry are celebrated even until now. The vast Chinese cemetery in Malacca, Bukit Sina house the earliest Pernakan tombs.
    Fast forward to the 18 and 19 century, at a time of the far reaching hand of British colonialism, came the arrival of the second wave of Chinese immigration, mainly from Fujian and Guangdong provinces. It was buoyed by growing streams of emigrants in early 20 century. Originally as traders in the Straits Settlement, the enterprising Chinese fanned out throughout the Malay states. It is to their business sense and seizing economic opportunities, encouraged by the British colonial government and the encouragement of Malay sultans, development of the Malay States tin and gold mines, gambier, pepper, and rubber plantations, cash cows for British rule.
    Chinese emigration reveals a populace from every group in China besides the Hokkien and Cantonese; we find Hakka, Teochews, Hainanese, Macauans, so on and on. With an instinct for trade, the Chinese shifted to towns where they founded banks, set up small, medium, and large business to meet local needs and expand foreign commerce.
    Today, the local coffee shops, the catering and fishing industries remain a testimony to Chinese enterprise. Nor did Malayan Chinese scant agriculture such as rice growning, vegetables, and fruit. Today, too, they reside in smaller towns in the hinterland, they are in every province of West and East Malaysia. And the country owes much to their penchant for hard work and education, and drive of social improvement.
    Education is a respected among the Chinese. The first Chinese school began in Malacca in 1815. You find two streams of schools, one where English remained the language of instruction, the other Chinese. Today since 1969, Malay is the required language in the schools, but among Chinese broadly speaking, English and Chinese remain vehicles of international exchange. Although Mandarin which neighboring Singapore has imposed as the dominant spoken Chinese idioms, Malaysian Chinese remain faithful to dialect, the predominant ones being Hokkien and Cantonese. Thus in business, they are more skilful linguistically, and hence, more valuable in trade and industry, and for foreign businesses established in Malaysia.
    Malaysian Chinese have energetically defended in their identity as Malaysian of Chinese ancestry, as we shall now see. Under British colonial rule, through the principle of divide and conquer, Chinese in the Malay States were treated as sojourners broadly speaking without place and rights of citizenship. Among the Malay sultans, this suited a purpose, which encouraged economic development and pride of place, without disturbing the traditional way of Malay life in the kampongs, for obvious reasons. In spite of unfair treatment, Chinese in the Malay States’ primary loyalty lay there, with a fond, nostalgic sense of the Chinese mainland. As such, the Chinese community with all its class and different dialects, prospered and grew naturally and through emigration, and earned an honored place in the racial mosaic that is present day Malaysia.
    This can best be exampled by Malaysian Chinese resistance against the Japanese occupier during World War Two. The Japanese marked them out for brutal treatment and murder, because of their support for China Relief Fund and their resistance against seizure of Malaya after humiliating the British colonialists. Whilst the Japanese tried to enlist and entice the Malays and the Indians to their plans for a Greater Asia under Tokyo’s control, Chinese guerrillas sprung up and fought the Japanese troops, alongside stragglers of a defeated British army, and even with the help of the Americans. Thus, Malaysian Chinese proved their mettle to their country of adoption by shedding blood and valor on the battlefield.
    The Anti Japanese Liberation forces had strong Communist leadership under Chin Peng; it forged a policy of engaging other race, Malay and Indian, but that despite its policy, that goal remained elusive. Chin Peng called for an independent Malaya, but no matter what the British promised in a united fight against Japan, they quickly reasserted control at war’s end [which was part of a colonial design of the defeated French and Dutch in Asia].
    Civil war erupted from 1948 to 1960. The British called it an ‘Emergency’, in order to keep insurance premium low for the much needed tin and rubber need for rebuilding a war torn British economy. Since the ‘Emergency’ was fought against the Chinese, we find the British expelling Chinese, creating fortified villages to isolate them, rewards for defectors, etc. They garnered support from the Chinese business community and traditional political parties, the Malay sultans and parties, as well the Indian community.
    As the ‘Emergency’ proved more and more successful, and British colonial policies proved onerous for an impoverish Great Britain, the Malay States acceded to independence under Malay leadership in 1957.
    At the time of independence, Malaysian Chinese accounted for a strong pluraity of 45 per cent of the population. Today it hovers in the mid 30’s, although exact census data are hard to come by.
    The racial riots of 13 May 1969 tested the mettle of Malaysian Chinese, for which they were the target. As a result under the leadership of the Razak UNMO [Unitedr Nasional Malay Organisations] imposed a policy of what is today called ‘positive discrimination’, whereby the Malay got favored treatment in all aspects of Malaysian life. Thus, Malaysian Chinese suffer from racial profiling, along side Indians, in business, mortgages, owning of property, education, and in brief, every facet of daily life in Malaysia. Since the Malay majority, elites excepted, learnt English, Bahasa Meleyu was instituted as the medium of instruction and daily commerce; foreign and confessional schools, nationalised, etc. Foreign investment which under the Mahathir governments brought country’s economy into the 20 century had to remain a minority shareholder, thereby encouraging crony capitalism.
    Such a policy has steeled Malaysian Chinese in their sense of being Malaysian, all hardships and ethnic profiling not withstanding, and witnessed by the strong share of the population they represent.
    The long history of Malaysian Chinese prove beyond a shadow of a doubt of the vital role they play in Malaysia and the pride of place they fight to maintain as Malaysian of Chinese ancestry.

    • Chinese emigrants of the Malayo Polynesian tribe started migrating from the mountainous Tibet region long before the start of AD.7000 to 8000 years ago,they trekked from these wintry weather down south to the lower lying land of Burma, Siam,thus Malaya , Indonesia & over the dry lands before the sea-level raised to the present high into Borneo & Philippines.
      A point was made that it was believed a certain Indian tribe in Canada were from the same tribe,crossing the Berring Straits.These can be verified by the Eskimos Chinese-looks.

      Proto-Malays [farming cultured]filled the area between Burma & Siam,while Deutero -Malays [hunter gatherers] came into from Indonesia, & together, they filled up our country of it’s first inhabitants.

      When Mongolian Genghiz Khan,initially Temuchin fought all the way to Europe by the end of the 1st millennium,he embraced a religion that spread together with his empire throughout Asia central,Islam. Uzbekistan,Pakistan,Kazakhstan,Afghanistan etc.

      His grandson,Kublai Khan in the 12 th AD,sent numerous emissaries to this part of SEA in search & to protect/seek recognition form the peoples of this particular region,thought to be his own-kind.Admiral Zheng Ho made famous the union between Hang Li Po & Sultan Mansur Shah,who’s a descendant of Parameswara.

      The 3rd wave Chinese migrating here were the descendants/ relatives of the Kublai Khan’s armies.By the 15th AD,they revolted against the occupying forces from Europe.Hence,born were heroes Hang Tuah & friends,& thought to be from Yunnan,in south China!

      When our colonial master,England,signed the agreement with the Dutch in the 1800s,demarcation of borders were made without giving due recognition to the earlier sultanates from India,who already existed before the turn of the of the new millennium.That,led to these skirmishes along the Thai/ Malaysian & Philippines/Malaysian borders .

      At the same time,the 4th wave of Chinese immigrants sailed into the straits.These landings led to the building of our modern day Malaysia.As the British has an ulterior motive to our minerals & resources,they left after the massive losses of their troops to protect this tiny peninsula,& recurred damages by selling off the almost rock-based mines to the hard-working labourers of Chinese migrants,before sailing back home.

    • I shared your views.

  22. History records the presence of Chinese in Malaysia for the past 600 years; the sea faring Ming dynasty’s emperor put the important Sultanate of Malacca, which controlled the strategic straits for trade, under his protection.
    To seal this bargain, Ming geneology chronicles make mention of the marriage of the princess Hang Li Po to the legendary sultan Paramaswara. She brought with her a retinue of 200 attendants. This began the settling of Chinese in the Malaya [later called 'Malaysia']. The men brought wives and the bachelors married Malay women whom they sinicised. These early Chinese retained their cultural identity, yet spoke Malay and wrote in the Arabised ‘jauwi’.
    Mostly from Fujian province, their descendent in time form an aristocracy of lineage and claim to Malaysia. We know them as Peranakan [Straits born], the well known babas and nonyas, whose cooking, clothing, and architecture, and industry are celebrated even until now. The vast Chinese cemetery in Malacca, Bukit Sina house the earliest Pernakan tombs.
    Fast forward to the 18 and 19 century, at a time of the far reaching hand of British colonialism, came the arrival of the second wave of Chinese immigration, mainly from Fujian and Guangdong provinces. It was buoyed by growing streams of emigrants in early 20 century. Originally as traders in the Straits Settlement, the enterprising Chinese fanned out throughout the Malay states. It is to their business sense and seizing economic opportunities, encouraged by the British colonial government and the encouragement of Malay sultans, development of the Malay States tin and gold mines, gambier, pepper, and rubber plantations, cash cows for British rule.
    Chinese emigration reveals a populace from every group in China besides the Hokkien and Cantonese; we find Hakka, Teochews, Hainanese, Macauans, so on and on. With an instinct for trade, the Chinese shifted to towns where they founded banks, set up small, medium, and large business to meet local needs and expand foreign commerce.
    Today, the local coffee shops, the catering and fishing industries remain a testimony to Chinese enterprise. Nor did Malayan Chinese scant agriculture such as rice growning, vegetables, and fruit. Today, too, they reside in smaller towns in the hinterland, they are in every province of West and East Malaysia. And the country owes much to their penchant for hard work and education, and drive of social improvement.
    Education is a respected among the Chinese. The first Chinese school began in Malacca in 1815. You find two streams of schools, one where English remained the language of instruction, the other Chinese. Today since 1969, Malay is the required language in the schools, but among Chinese broadly speaking, English and Chinese remain vehicles of international exchange. Although Mandarin which neighboring Singapore has imposed as the dominant spoken Chinese idioms, Malaysian Chinese remain faithful to dialect, the predominant ones being Hokkien and Cantonese. Thus in business, they are more skilful linguistically, and hence, more valuable in trade and industry, and for foreign businesses established in Malaysia.
    Malaysian Chinese have energetically defended in their identity as Malaysian of Chinese ancestry, as we shall now see. Under British colonial rule, through the principle of divide and conquer, Chinese in the Malay States were treated as sojourners broadly speaking without place and rights of citizenship. Among the Malay sultans, this suited a purpose, which encouraged economic development and pride of place, without disturbing the traditional way of Malay life in the kampongs, for obvious reasons. In spite of unfair treatment, Chinese in the Malay States’ primary loyalty lay there, with a fond, nostalgic sense of the Chinese mainland. As such, the Chinese community with all its class and different dialects, prospered and grew naturally and through emigration, and earned an honored place in the racial mosaic that is present day Malaysia.
    This can best be exampled by Malaysian Chinese resistance against the Japanese occupier during World War Two. The Japanese marked them out for brutal treatment and murder, because of their support for China Relief Fund and their resistance against seizure of Malaya after humiliating the British colonialists. Whilst the Japanese tried to enlist and entice the Malays and the Indians to their plans for a Greater Asia under Tokyo’s control, Chinese guerrillas sprung up and fought the Japanese troops, alongside stragglers of a defeated British army, and even with the help of the Americans. Thus, Malaysian Chinese proved their mettle to their country of adoption by shedding blood and valor on the battlefield.
    The Anti Japanese Liberation forces had strong Communist leadership under Chin Peng; it forged a policy of engaging other race, Malay and Indian, but that despite its policy, that goal remained elusive. Chin Peng called for an independent Malaya, but no matter what the British promised in a united fight against Japan, they quickly reasserted control at war’s end [which was part of a colonial design of the defeated French and Dutch in Asia].
    Civil war erupted from 1948 to 1960. The British called it an ‘Emergency’, in order to keep insurance premium low for the much needed tin and rubber need for rebuilding a war torn British economy. Since the ‘Emergency’ was fought against the Chinese, we find the British expelling Chinese, creating fortified villages to isolate them, rewards for defectors, etc. They garnered support from the Chinese business community and traditional political parties, the Malay sultans and parties, as well the Indian community.
    As the ‘Emergency’ proved more and more successful, and British colonial policies proved onerous for an impoverish Great Britain, the Malay States acceded to independence under Malay leadership in 1957.
    At the time of independence, Malaysian Chinese accounted for a strong pluraity of 45 per cent of the population. Today it hovers in the mid 30’s, although exact census data are hard to come by.
    The racial riots of 13 May 1969 tested the mettle of Malaysian Chinese, for which they were the target. As a result under the leadership of the Razak UNMO [Unitedr Nasional Malay Organisations] imposed a policy of what is today called ‘positive discrimination’, whereby the Malay got favored treatment in all aspects of Malaysian life. Thus, Malaysian Chinese suffer from racial profiling, along side Indians, in business, mortgages, owning of property, education, and in brief, every facet of daily life in Malaysia. Since the Malay majority, elites excepted, learnt English, Bahasa Meleyu was instituted as the medium of instruction and daily commerce; foreign and confessional schools, nationalised, etc. Foreign investment which under the Mahathir governments brought country’s economy into the 20 century had to remain a minority shareholder, thereby encouraging crony capitalism.
    Such a policy has steeled Malaysian Chinese in their sense of being Malaysian, all hardships and ethnic profiling not withstanding, and witnessed by the strong share of the population they represent.
    The long history of Malaysian Chinese prove beyond a shadow of a doubt of the vital role they play in Malaysia and the pride of place they fight to maintain as Malaysian of Chinese ancestry.

    • Agreed with what Suzie wrote.That was the later installment of entrepreneurship of the Chinese,wherever they landed.
      The Chinese arriving before the times of the colonialist, in the 16/17 AD were the descendants of the navies from the Yuan dynasty. At a time when pirates were kings of the seven seas,& aimed at the lush & riches in the trading straits,a lot made their fortune & went home to China,yet many remained.As their off-springs grew into a more civilized professional culture,many were educated.
      Soon,these pirates descendants were turned into businessmen,as they dealt with the colonialist over the supplies of labourers & tin-ores.Thus,KL was built on tin.
      Repeating what Suzie wrote…

  23. Chandran Says:

    Then who is the alien called “bumiputra” ? Where did this creature come from ? Pluto ?

    • ‘bumiputera’ is not an alien.. they are the one that originaly from their own place.. for an example, sabahan people. they are mostly bumiputera because sabah is their land. even their great great great great great grandparents born in their homeland. and, may i ask u something, you calling someone alien, do you know where you came from.. watch ur words.. thank you..

    • They already here in southeast asia for thousand of years before the arrival of the Indian saint, n the rise of indianised Kingdom.It doesnt need a genius to figure that out.

      • samsung Says:

        Is Nusantara……another fable created to please??The Java man skull’s discovery had been dismissed as an Orang Utan’s!

        Yes,it was correctly lined if stated that Malayo Polynesians had trekked here thousands of years ago from Central Asia,but the theory on Nusantara, homo sapiens lifeform in SEA ,cannot be accepted without strengthening excavation,and solid proof!

        Gupta Indians roamed here,& as far west into Persia before the AD started,to share on Buddhism and their civilization.Their territories were subsequently taken over in the 6th AD by the seafaring Sri Vijayans,where Parameswara,our 1st king hailed from!

        As we deepen our search,most kingdoms in SEA has Indian lineage!For example,Thailand’s still challenging Cambodia over the ownership of a Buddhist temple located at the border.Burmese are fighting recently over their ethnicity!Not too long back,Nepal’s prince killed his dad & mum over different caste-marital proposal??Our famed Parameswara’s life-threatening departure from Palembang to Temasek, consequently to pioneering Malacca’s legacy.

        6th AD,Kedah@ Kadaram’s said to helm the 1st Buddhist sultanate in our country which converted at the arrival of Islam in the 8th AD.Again,it was over-ruled by India’s Cholas in the 10 th AD! Yet,another Gangga Nagara at Beruas,Perak boasted of Paja Pertama di Malaya at the 1st AD!

        Malaysia’s so very rich in history…..

    • Malay’s not the bumiputra…the real bumiputra is orang asli

      • More than 10k years ago,Africa’s Negritos did passed-by & left some of their kind behind.
        8k back,Malayo Polynesians arrived from Funan,China after trekking from the central Asia & spread throughout SEA!
        Even before the start of the AD,civilized Indians were already expanding their territories in this SEA!
        Clans were turned into nations as in-fighting turned themselves against each other.
        Golden Chersonese ,1st AD was the Indians that interacted with the the Chinese at this land,as both their civilization begun 7 to 8 k years ahead!
        Parameswara of the Sri Vijaya empire from India began the Malacca sultanate lineage,which eventually spread …
        The 2nd wave of Chinese came in the form Kublai Khan’s navies .
        The 3rd & latest wave were the miners….
        All are migrants…

  24. Bravo, Pete… well said, well done! Why can’t there be more like minded people?

  25. Old Planter Says:

    Interesting account as usual from RPK but I think there is a factual error in the account on the Indians here. Coffee was the major crop in Ceylon although there was some cocoa as well and after the disease disaster there, coffee planting was tried here in Malaya then. It also failed and the rubber story began, to be superceded since the 1980s by oil palm.
    There are much fewer Indians in the plantations now and probably in an update later, RPK will have to tell the Indonesian story in Malaysia!

  26. TQ very much for sharing the truth. All Malaysians need to be told the truth of our country’s history and not let it be changed or manipulated!

    Please share more.

  27. Eric Cheong Says:

    Thanks RPK, I truly enjoyed your History of Chinese and Indians in Malaysia!

  28. This is a very good history.

  29. Wong Chilik Says:

    Malaya was part of the East-West trade starting some 2000 years ago, Indian culture and religion (Hinduism and Buddhism) was introduced when Indian trading posts were formed. That is why the early malays were Hindus and Buddhists, and why there were many Sanskript loan words. These trading posts later evolved into kingdoms, and later, empires, when neighboring kingdoms were subdued. The Malya may not be as originally as the Orang Asli (OA), but, they arrived here after the OA, some 10000 years in a slow and long migration process, and created political, religious, and cultural systems. Putting the Malays as intruders like the Caucasoids in the US, Australia, and New Zealand is far-fetched, as their processes, were violent, and fast. Likewise, the Malays could not be blamed for not fully participating in the rubber, tin-mining, and rapid development, because they were already comfortable with their position, and would rather want development at their own pace. Furthermore, in a feudal society, social and development change is not encouraged, as this would risk eroding the power of the feudal lords, and that is why, outsiders are encouraged, with arrangement, of course, with these lords. As for the Ali Baba culture, it is part of the system then, when the king owns everything in the land, and this includes local labor. When someone wants a piece of land for whatever purpose, the king or sultan gives a ‘Surat Kuasa’ or letter of authority. This is possibly what happens when a letter of authority is given to the feudal lord, who then enters a joint-venture with a Chinaman. To say the Malay is lazy is probably a misnomer, as he cannot compete with the where-withal of obtaining technology, skills, and access to legal or illegal global capital. The only advantage he has is in having land, eliminate this, he is a nothing in his own land. To surmise, this piece by RPK is not history, but pseudo-history.

    • Agree with Wong Chilik…history could be turned into RIDICULOUSLY YOURS ,if not paragraphed correctly.It reflects how ignorant or unlearned a writer is, with regards to his using of the pen.Yes,the Chinese who came sailing in their boats in the 12th AD were forced to piracy,as they were sabotaged & the monsoon winds were not in their favour to sail home. Shortage of ration & the need to shelter from the monsoon winds forced them to land ashore the west coast of this country.As years go by, many were turned fishermen.
      Fast forward to the 1800s…words of the lucrative tin-mining industry soon reached those at mainland.Scores and multitudes poured in to search their dreams.At this point of time,it was true that some girls did engaged in immoral activities,but again, not all.Organized crime began at that time.At the threshold of personal-development & wealth,not only Chinese girls are into this today.

  30. Uncle Teng Says:

    I have read many of your articles. Today, I did learn something new about the history of Chinese and Indian Immigrants that we can’t find in our Malaysian students textbooks anymore. Just to say, I appreciate your untiring effort to reveal the truth and to remind the younger generation about their roots. Thanks and keep up your good work.
    Your silent admirer,
    Uncle Teng

  31. M.Mahendran Says:

    Itwas not the cocoa industry that failed. Actually it was coffee and Brazil was the biggest coffee producer. The coffee workers in Sri Lanka were Indians brought by the British from India as the local population was not reliable as a workforce. The British brought Indians to work here and not the Ceylonese.

  32. History…history…history.
    Good pieces of information.
    Everyone have right to speak, but when you have the right use it right!
    Don’t simply “hantam” wrong info to create confusing.
    THINK BEFORE YOU ACT!!!

  33. ya, this is well told

  34. hmm…You can write the history from the past, yet we have to think about current living, there is no point of discussing about History of Malaya, because the current Gov would not accept the truth and blame the other party and yet the would yell “Satu Malaysia” this and that, but we have to question, how many Indians or Chinese or other race then Malay holding a hire post in Gov? How many are they in overseas studies sponsored by Gov, ? How many Quotas, hack if 1 malaysia, what the hell it the quota for this and that….If 1 Malaysia is a practiced truthfully…demolish quotas, demolish having only Malays have higher post in Gov, be transparent …..WALK THE DAMN YOU TALK..

    I feel Gov have to change it strategy, give chance to other races to hold any important post, there many youngsters who have dream of great Malaysia, dun let their dream gone to other Country…..

    Malaysia is blessed country, we dun hv Hurricanes, Devastating Earthquakes,Frequent Tsunamis, the only thing we have stupid drivers n riders, stupid crimes n lazy bumped police with Evo, and funny floods…….

    I wish all my Malaysian bro n sis, “Happy Malaysia Day”

  35. it was a nice input for those who really doesn knw about malaysian history.. superb. there is alot of hidden history from what we have learn when we was in school days.. alot of undiscovered history hidden behind the modern history now days…

  36. lovemalaysia Says:

    By the way, No Arab wears songkok. It is Indian culture to wear the head gear.

  37. A sad side of a story reveal the truth but the truth no longer a truth in the concept of 1Malaysia

  38. That is genuinely good notion dude.iam definitely proud of you .
    Do u have twitter?? i want to stick to you .thx

  39. Thank you to RPK for the explaination! This is really an ‘eyes opener” to me as there is NO chance for us to get all these informations from our books in Malaysia. Hope RPK will keep on providing more informations to ‘shut-up’ those UMNO fellows’ mouths as they always gave the negative perception to Chinese to Indian!!!

  40. So proud to know the real Malaysia’s history. We never learn this in school it was the other way round……anyway great to know that Indian did alot for Malaysia even before the Malays did just to clarify I am not being racist or anything just want to say this because I feel proud to be at least half Indian. Sir just one small request can I know how did the Eurasian came about in Malaysia,I am one of them but I don’t really know the history much,hopefully you can upload something about this thank you

  41. N.J.Ryan argues that in Kedah in the North-West of the Malaysian peninsula, there was no large immigration of Indian settlers; rather there was the influence of traders and missionaries. These people, rather like the Europeans in later centuries, were responsible for popularizing their way of life and religion. Many inhabitants – Malay by race – became Hindu or Buddhists, and they built the temples whose remains have been found in Kedah. Thus the population of Kedah for example, did not change, and Chinese reports affirm that the native societies had adopted Indian culture but had not become Indian colonies.
    [1976:8]

    Well, this is what the historian says…

  42. interesting & really great news..to know..

  43. KOGILA UTHAYA KUMAR Says:

    awesome

  44. as i studied history..i was taught that parameswara came to a piece of land in sournabumi and later named it as malaka…he have to pay tribute(payment to the ruler) to raja chola but had paid to siam king because raja chola had ordered siam king to look after sournabumi……

  45. the writer didnot mentioned malay comunity from where? During japanese in malaya all leaders missing… Why?

    • sam sung Says:

      During the occupation,the communist party played a big role working underground with the British army, fighting guerrilla- resistance style warfare against the Japs.Communist Party of Malaya (CPM) was a political party,consisting mainly Chinese and some of the other races.

      Dr. Sybil Karthigesu was a doctor,who together with her husband in Papan,Perak provided medical assistance to the wounded anti-Japs clandestinely. Soon,she was held up by the Japs & tortured in a school in Ipoh.
      At St. Michael Institution, Ipoh,there laid a board on the wall of a classroom proclaiming,”This was where Sybil Karthigesu was tortured”. She survived the ordeal,& was sent to England to receive the highest order.
      Never did I learn of such an important figure in the school history books.

  46. Anil Kumar Says:

    i visit malyasia once only but ilike there better than singapore i never forget malyasia everyday rain all nice

  47. Don’t know if you can classify Maoris as Orang Asli and Australian Aborigines, cos they only came to New Zealand in 1300 AD from Rarotonga. NZ was uninhabited by man until pre-Maoris first landed 800 AD.

  48. Now days in 1malaysia we only get fake history from umno.

  49. Coldreality Says:

    I believe the Malaysian history was changed, twisted and some part hidden by the British for their own gain and control until we do not know the ‘real’ history anymore. But hey, all histories are written by authors who most probably preferred one party to another, right? So, rather than look too much at the past, why don’t we work with what we have in the present for the our future?

    • Much was hidden, or altered in today’s schoolbooks. Curious-ed by my children’s enquiries taught in school,I had to take initiative to dispensing them the actual truth.

  50. Our race and religion is no ending story, it can change off and on, But we can not change our Roots, it is the true story. “DO NOT CHANGE YOUR FAMILY HISTORY FOR WEALTH”…. .MAJULAH MALAYSIA.

  51. Thanks for this true massage

  52. Well everyone is rewriting history according to their perpective !!! Kedah-Patani region was foundation of nation in Peninsular Malaysia Langkasuka… India being relatively over populated some migrated and assimilated with the ihibitans and bring Hinduism as well. Most prominent in Bujang Valley.But Islam came as early as third caliph Othman period later reinforce by later Muslim sufi who spread Islam at groundroot level though begining with the King that change with Sultan.Kedah Petani influence as afar a Phuket which actually Bukit.
    Malacca Sultanate came much later begining with Tumasek than migrate to Malacca where wit begin to prosper by 1510 very strong minority Indian Tamil influence that Tun Mutahir the Bendahara(Prime Minister ) give favours to much richer Indian merchant as the have more to invest in trade .Leting the orang laut natives Malay on their own. When portuguese attack the natural defence line of orang laut,which have been defendin Malacca from Thai and Javanese influence, left the Sultan and the Tamil on their own thus overand.Thus Malacca fell to portuguese.
    Malayasia basically Malay states from Sultan of Sulu,Sultan of Brunei,Sultan of patani Sultan Kedah,Kelantan,Terangganu,Pahang,Johore and Perak. Chinese and Indan mostly migrant fisherman and workers with the intention of finding wealth and go home.Thus they do not bother much with politics no administration of state especially open nature of Malay and their Sultan as regard to land and seas.They can stay anywhere they like and fish whenever they like.
    Until tin became commodity and booming market in europe more than spices which were grown by natives Malays more foreign cheap labourers were needed. As Chinese localised in certain areas it did raised much issue after all they were hear to collect some money and go home.But wealth creat rivalry among the Malay Princes which the British and Thailand/Siam take advantage thus fighting with Siam 1821,1826,1838 the war was cause by Siam trying to get Perak which rich in tin 1821 by asking Kedah to attack Perak when Kedah refused Siam invaded Kuala Kedah 1821 their rest was defensive defense and counter attack. To British was good both site need weapons and they get rice and tin in return.Infact Kedah bought weapon “unofficaly” while Thai bough officially!!! Later Brtish sea blockade Kedah while Thai attack inland. Same tactic was used by British and America in Arab World conflict in 1900s.More blatantly in Iraq Iran war,Gulf War,recently Libya and waiting to do the same in Syria.
    When Japan attack Malaya and South East Asia for their oil reserve after US blockade oil supply.Similarly China now is trying SEA seas after Libya oil supply is curtail.History is repeating itself.

    Chinese poor thus communist sympathies with China when Japan expands into China supported British the rich like Goh Choh Tong take advantage traded with Japanese.The Chinese were Chinese patriotism and communist idealism with no intension of liberating the states for the Malays and their Sultan. Infact 3 days after Japanese vacated they took revenge on the Malays who worked with Japanese.This really segregated the Malays from ” China komunis” in particular and Chinese in general. This influence Malay perspective and feeling in 1960s in Singapore and hartal in Penang and later 13 May incedent.

    Thus Malay opposed whe British tried to make Malaya a British colony ignoring Malay in Malaya & Bumiputra in Sabah and Sarawak homeland status.Thus rise of modern Malay political movement UMNO. However in 1957 Malay compromise when Chinese representation was taken by more moderate non communist Chinese.Chinese get their citizenship and Malay get their independent.

    • ISit true ainaq ? Do you know the word ‘MELAYU’ from where? from ‘MALAYUR’ one of place name in southern indian. Is it your language your own creature? its mixed of TAMIL, SANSKRIT AND ENGLISH. Southern indian people are intruduced Islam to Malays. Southern king CLOLA empire who also ruled out of india also ruled kedah as KADARAM 1000 years ago.

    • sam sung Says:

      Though I agreed only with your ‘few words’ in the entire statement,maybe you ought to probe farther back into the past,with regards to this region.
      At the very beginning,how did mankind arrived at this part of the world? Where did they nomadic come walking from? Vocabulary identification traced Malayo Polynesians from central Asia.. Tibet,China?,to this SEA archipelago, & the pacific rim.
      Early days’ trading & religious learning brought the Chinese, whose border reaches Cambodia,& was known as South China, and the Indians from the west to meet at the thinnest stretch of this peninsula.
      As you mentioned Kedah[one of the few words which I agreed upon] , Gunung Jerai’s findings of Indian religious artifacts dated back to the beginnings of the AD.Not to mention a predominantly SEA largest reclining statue of Buddha in Tumpat, Kelantan.All these were in the BC,as Indian & Chinese civilization started 6 to 7 thousand years ago.
      Siam kingdom & Champa empire relied heavily on Indian influence, with the discovery of Angkor Wat,biggest religious monument in the world.Do you know Thailand & Cambodia is still fighting over a sacred temple at the border? These descended traditions from the past, made up by the different Indian warring clans, from more than a thousand years ago?
      The ‘latter’ Chinese ,after the migrated Malayo Polynesians didn’t arrived here as cheap labourers.
      When Kublai Khan ruled China in the 12th AD,he sent his navies to reach this equator in search of his Malayo Polynesian peoples.As his land soldiers conquered up to Europe,he maritimed the nearby seas & ‘collected taxes’ from the tiny kingdoms found in the straits. In one of the voyages,the Chinese extortionists were countered, & couldn’t sail home as the monsoon winds were not in their favour. Thus,they landed along the coasts of our country in search for food & shelter, while some escaped into Indonesia.
      1400s,Muslim Admiral Cheng Ho of Kublai Khan’s navy arrived at Malacca.He further strengthened ties with Parameswara’s Sri Vijayan’s descendants by marrying muslim Princess Hang Li Po to Sultan Mansor Shah,thus officiating the religion brought in through the Indians at the 7th AD.
      1500s,when the Portugese invaded Malacca,the few Hangs that helped fought the invaders were thought to be of Chinese descents from Yunnan,China.
      1800s,waves of Chinese migrants began to land in Malaya, when news of the abundant mined-tin reached back home.Another ‘few words’ which I agreed with your ‘cheap labour’ labeling of the Chinese comes into picture,as many Chinese ‘cheap-labourers’ were turned into millionaires,without any handicap!

      • Latest ….Attempts were made,& already one the historical chaandis (tomb?) was destructed at Lembah Bujang,to make way for a housing scheme!These tombs(?) from 2000 years ago were a site recognized by the world heritage body.

        The question now asked frequently’s why not years ago, & only recently when race-relation’s getting onto the rocks,after the unleveling of already a few Hindu temples?Are there no other available hills other than this ?

        Were these attempts to create a new generation of infidels,by ‘white-washing’ the truth?

  53. In my earlier post I emphasized more of Chinese and Malay relation than Indian. Actually Malay were much closer to Indian not only in culture as Malay were former Hindus but early Indian assimilated with Malay over 100 years particularly along the coast during the Hindu age as well as when they converted to Islam.Not much gap until new wave of Indian came enmass during booming of rubber industries.Even then not much contact with the India who confined in estates.As new wave of Indian foreign worker were Hindus and segregated in the estate assimilation with the Malay were limited compared to urban Indian Muslim who assimilted and accepted as Malay.However with Indian representation during 1957 that get what the Chinese get: citizenship.
    Economic is the key to future of Malaysia. As long as economic disparity in term of race or tribe the prejudice remain “emotional unity” remain weak. DEB has improve Malay position very much though relatively to Chinese not very much.While Indian elite are very much better younger generation almost as same position as Malay but they become more serious as they live in sub urban when estates turn into cities,factories,housing estates.Actually there are more opportunities, compared to rural folk in Sabah and Sarawak,but they are not able to adapt fully as Malay ware once cannot adapt to tin and rubber economy in the last century.

    • May I correct your findings…1 AD,Indians started to clamour all over this, Central Asian-Tibet,China Malayo Polynesians’ who trekked by foot ,tiny archipelago 7 or 8 thousand years ago .Encompassing land via Burma,Thailand ,& via sea, landing in Indonesia,clans broke out as kingdoms were established.The Sri Vijayans founded Temasek,& eventually Parameswara had to escape to Malacca.
      They brought along the Islam teachings in the 7th AD,as well as Buddhism & Hinduism.The Chinese muslim admiral Cheng Ho officiated the religion by marrying Princess Hang Li Poh to our Sultan Mansor Shah, a descendant of Parameswara of the Sri Vijayan.
      One must probe farther into the past happenings ,in order to know exactly what took place.Talk to the elderlys..look into the encyclopedia written in the ’60s by neutral individuals…get neutral views…

    • sam sung Says:

      Again,I must voice that to state that the Indians came much later into the picture of Malaysia , is a mis-information. The Indians didn’t come only when rubber industry boom. They were the king-makers in this tiny Malayo archipelago since the beginning of the AD.It ‘s a fact that the Malayo Polynesians migrated to this part of the south east almost 8 thousand years ago,from Central Asia.
      As very much civilized-ahead people,Maharajahs found in India expanded their territories to our nearby shores,clans in -fighting broke into countries that we have today here in South East Asia today.
      When Kublai Khan ruled China,he further-sent delegates of sea-faring missions to this peninsula & islands to offer protectionism to his own kind.The sultanate of Malacca began with an Indian prince from the Sri Vijayan empire of India, Parameswara, as we learnt from school history. Descendant Sultan Mahmud Shah,officiated a religion when he married Muslim Princess Hang Li Po of China.
      Finally,Malayo Polynesians came from Tibet,China.

  54. I believe some story still not clear. maybe forget ?

  55. Wahai Raja Petra Kamarudin yang Breani dan Tegak. Hamba mengucap jutaan terima kasih kepada ringkasan sejarah ini.
    Tabik kepada pahlawan-pen yang tanpa memihak. Sila e-pos dan menyedarkan rakyat tentang berita2 yang ditindas.

  56. ooopz@ymail.com Says:

    Saravanan

    interesting & really great . thank you!!!!!

  57. Damian Lam-bert Says:

    There is really no harm in knowing the True history of our country. Every society evolves from one place. We are shaped by the environment we live in sharing the fusion of influences from others. If it leads to a positive way of life, why not? What is saddening is that there are people today with very narrow minded thinking who are placed in power trying to change history for their own aims.

    I remember studying history in the 70s as a child and the emphasis was on the appreciation of a multi cultural society, tolerance and respect for each others cultures and yes, even religion. Today, it is really the opposite and blatantly outlined with half truths twisted by a small minority. The worse part is, we all know that it is inaccurate and arrogant on the part of the government allowing this to happen. It will be a matter of time when everyone wises up and decide that enough is enough. The saddest thing is that the educated are letting the uneducated run the country and dictate even our history.

    It takes a lot of courage for someone like RPK to state what he sees as the truth in our history regardless of its accurateness. Historically, every race, religion has its dark moments. The English Monarchy, the Church all had their trials and tribulations to name a few. Nobody’s perfect and that’s why we continue to correct ourselves in doing what is right exploring the facts in a knowledge society and not imposing “patronising” values on others. History will show one day that something went wrong in our country and what happens as a consequence. Let’s not embarrass ourselves with self serving inaccuracies in the way we explain our history.

    Like some, I grew up with relatives and friends from all races and truly believed that “Saya Anak Malaysia” to be told today that I am only a Pendatang and best openly told that I am second class and do not have rights. How will history judge us as a society 50 years from now? It will be interesting to see. Maybe we will have the first Bumiputera Prime Minister of Bangladesh origins. After all, we already had one from India and presently one (if i am not mistaken proudly proclaims) who is from Indonesia. Rest assured, I won’t be around to find out. God bless Malaysia.

  58. many youngsters not aware of the malaysian’s history…..this will help them to know more about our ancestors

  59. wellwisher Says:

    will we get the real history @ our children are goin to be taught the wrong history?

  60. …very straight forward information & history..I am educated now in the history of malaysia.

  61. 65sanatana Says:

    Well said.

  62. Everyone has to learn from the past because it is the root for every mankind but we also have to understand that human are more integrated now. We should accept the pass as our reference but not to define ourselves for the future.
    The world would not have been more interesting if we only have one race and one religion. Let’s accept the differences between us and try to love everyone around you. After all, we are leaving in ONE world.

  63. @RPK, Southern indian King Clola empire have ruled Kedah as KADARAM almost 1000 years ago, in kedah still got evidence. Goverment also named one of street in KL as ‘jln raja chulan’. The is a story chinese also migrant 1000 years ago. Southern indian people only brought islam to MALAYSIA not arab or others. Thats why malay language are more using tamil words, also the ‘MELAYU’ word from ‘MALAYUR’ one of place name in southern india. King chola is 1st indian King who ruled out of INDIA. Still can found southern indian influence in Thailand, burmese, indonesia, srilanka. The ‘indonesia’ word also from india. I believe malays are mixed of Southern indian and chinese. I believed people introduced islam to ‘Swarna bumi’ ( name before malaya ) are from malayur, south india. Please RPK write again actual story not modify by as UMNO, Thank you.

    • As a matter of fact,even before the AD! Indians’ civilization had began to spread to this part of Asia,as theirs’ & the Chinese’s begun 6 to 7 thousand years ahead!
      To add something further than those of the Cholas,Sri Vijaya clansmen sailed the Indian ocean very much earlier on!After the diminishing of the Guptas,it’s empire spread all over the south east Asia!

  64. Why did the British want to conquer Malaysia?

    • British did not conquer Malaya. After being given the settlements in Malacca by the Dutch and Penang by the Sultan of Kedah they were asked by the various Sultans for protection, thus Malaya was not a colony but a Protectorate on the understanding that they would supply British advisors whose advice the Sultans would be obliged to accept provided that the role of the Sultans as nominal head of was recognised and that the British would have no say in matters of religion and culture. Much is said about the evils of British colonialism which arose at a time when the wealthy countries of Europe scoured the world in aquiring and colonising lands rich in undeveloped resources – minerals, spices and precious stones etc and Britain could not afford to be left behind. Having said that, most people would agree, I am sure, that better the British than other European nations whose record leaves much to be desired. I am reminded of a film `The Life of Brian` in which a group of comedy anti Roman protestors asks his comrades “well what have the Romans done for us” The reply was “nothing, except roads and bridges and schools and government and water ……….and so the list goes on. As an ex-colonial myself and now 82 you may say I am biased, which is true. But I always found that we were moral, conscientious, decent, efficient and wholly incorruptable. As I travel the world, I frequently meet people who wish we were back. These are usually the poorer people who are now suffer under under autocratic rule by corrupt leaders whose only object is the enrich themselves at the expense of the poor.

      • Very true!Initial blue-eyed Europeans that came,namely the Portugese, had only wanted to wander & scout…Startled upon seeing the Chinese’s & Indian’s civilization found in the straits,they remained to further their ambition.

        Though resisted by the locals,they forcefully captured Malacca by 1511 with much bloodshed!After Alfonso de Albuquerque ‘s exploitation of the locals,as much spice & medicinal-valued plants were taught usage, & laboured by the locals’ slavery,the exclusive SEA’s produced were shipped home!

        Came Ferdinand Magellan,another Portugese,’exporting’ & to ship home slaves as well! Resistance fighters we learnt of in during school in the ’70s, eg. Hang Tuah & gang (currently stricken off when learnt they were of Chinese descends),were among the victims.One intended slave, Awang Hitam @Black Enrique ,the story went on befriended Magellan on the way ,thus showing our recorded 1st man,the route around the world !

        Came the Dutch,who together with remnants of the Malaccans in the Johore sultanate,wrested Malacca from the Portugese in the 1700s. Portugese’s effort to develop the historical city was passed on to the Dutch. The new order worked briefly,before conceding to the British.

        Sir Francis Light arrived at the Pearl of the Orient in 1786. Yes indeed,much needed regulatory measures were required in the straits to eventually sustain a safer passage.Proper forms of administration began to take shape during these times. In order to achieve this,he spoke to the Kedah sultanate, and a lease was agreed upon.

        After Penang,Taiping in Perak told of many firsts built by the British.1800s…Perak Museum,Taiping prison,Maxwell Hill resort …etc, & finally,the iconic Taiping Railway Station.Linking 20 km to Port Weld,the nation’s first rail tracks were laid.The primary purpose….

        Tin was ,& still is a precious mineral! This commodity was made known to the British East India company @ Sir Francis Light!Specialized mineral prospectors were shipped in to open up more mines south to Ipoh, & eventually KL.

        1800s’ saw the multitued-dockings of Chinese from mainland China,on hearing news from their friends & relatives that labour was needed in the mines. Suppressed by the Ching Dynasty & hungered,live-taking journeys were risked in search of a better meal
        Armed with commercial & enterprising skills,coupled with hard works,many entrepreneurs were created!

        Yap Ah Loy founded KL,together when he worked with ( not for ) Frank Swettenham ,the British resident. As vice was pre-requisite in any advanced community ,many & British as well,patronised his dens of immorality! The Chinese are spend-thrifts! That’s why KL rose fast!

        WW II saw the British surrender in Singapore. Recent demise of an underground leader, Chin Peng, fought the Japs with his comrades of all races eg. Rashid Mydin,Sybil Karthigesu ( did mention her in earlier installments ) in the absence of the British army.

        Hence,the following’s what Mr. Dennis Wombell said…..

      • Frankly speaking,British colonialism was the best among other colonialist! They shared their thoughts,set up the the democratic governing system as schooling were implemented…
        As such,those 2 mentioned above in particular,were turned topsy-turvy !

  65. Fantastic items from you, man. I’ve have in mind your stuff previous to and you are just too great. I really like what you’ve bought here, certainly like what you’re stating and the way through which you are saying it. You are making it enjoyable and you still care for to stay it wise. I can’t wait to read much more from you.
    That is actually a terrific web site.

  66. May have peace in Malaysia till end

  67. sam sung Says:

    Traces of Homo Erectus/Sapiens were unearthed in China many years ago.Indians’ & Chinese’ civilization begun years BC.Malayo Polynesians,thought from the bordering Tibet region migrated to fill up South East Asia and the lower Pacific rim,say 7000 years ahead of the civilized Indians who, with many warring factions in the early AD, sent forth their armies to strengthen, and to expand their shores.
    Indonesia was a fortress of theirs,as they crossed over to ‘our’ country across the tiny straits,and also overland via Burma and Siam, as recorded in the religious artifacts findings at Gunung Jerai in Kedah,a good view to welcome the sighting of ships,lately. Chitu,1st AD,as studied in school,refers to the bordering region between Thailand, and Malaysia.I’m sure we all know that the longest reclining statue of Buddha in South East Asia’s found in Tumpat, Kelantan.These were the early overland trading posts the Indians transacted with the Chinese,whose bordered south to Cambodia, which was known as South China.Could it be Golden Khersonese as described by Ptolemy in the 1st
    AD,referred to Chitu?He’s from the same land,though a few hundred years later as where Alexander’s from.Alexander The Great’s plundering armies fought all the way to India,remember?
    Beruas in Perak, boasted of the tomb,that laid the 1st king of the our country.Fortified by the discovery of an ancient ruin and a bronze statue of an Indian deity,
    Mongolian Kublai Khan took control the recorded largest empire in the world by the 12th AD.Is he Malayo Polynesian? Did he sent his armies to this tiny but buzzling straits to offer ‘protectionism of his own kind’ ?14th AD, Cheng Ho,the renowned Chinese muslim admiral from the Chinese navy, sailed into the Straits Of Malacca and married Princess Hang Li Po to Sultan Mansur Shah,a descendant of Parameswara from the Sri Vijaya empire of India , who started the Malacca sultanate.
    Subsequently,when Alfonzo de Alberqerque attacked Malacca in 1511,we found heroes in Hang Tuah,Hang Jebat,Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekir and Hang Lekiu.Are they Bugis?Are they Chinese?Are they Indians? Malayo Polynesian?Kublai Khan’s armies’ descendants?
    The Indians were the kingmakers of the Malayo Polynesians tribe from Tibet, China in this region.

    • Lately.one of our backwards professed that malays came from the Middle East.Look at the features!Do they possess semitic genes?How could that be?Denying our roots is the most horrendous mis-statement!
      Much reading materials had passed through these eyes of mine,which took over a hundred years of research and careful deliberation before authors logged into the the books of knowledge.

  68. There are few possibilities from what I conclude after read from all the comments stated above. 1) Who and where the Malays orginated from? Possible Answer: mix of Indian +chinese, indian + arabs, indian + arab + chinese+ bugis…..etc. 2) what are the difference between Indian and Malays? A: Religion (they used to be hindus & buddist but now converted into muslims, 1st phase) and the muslim spread very fast until hindusm & budddism become marginal in Malaya. All this will be the first phase of religion development in Malaya. The second phase came after most hindus convert (now became malay islam which claim to be bumiputra and when the second phase hindus brought into Malaya to work as labour, build railway track & plantation workers, this is what stated in history about indians. 3) What is current situation and future of Malaysia? A: Indian (hindu) minority will be disappear (migrate, convert, murdered and etc)replaced by 3rd phase by Bangla, nepal, indon, myamar and some indian workers (who will be branded as restaurant workers and IT specialist)

    • Better still if anyone know our former PM blood line. now he no more what his blood line is but a bumiputra instead.

      • Oldest sultanate in the country’s Kedah’s! It was believed peoples came across from Aceh,thus setting up the kingdom there in the 6th AD.Hindus ruled the state before converting to,8th AD’s arrival of, Islam!

    • Yes, I agree with you because we can identify it through the face. We can see most Malays have some gen from Indian, Chinese and Arab. But, Islam united all of them that now we can called Malays.

      • william Says:

        I believe chinese + indian = Malays. The word ‘melayu’ from ‘MALAYUR’ one of place name in south indian regions. There is a story, more than 1000 years ago chinese also has been migrated to MALAYA.

      • Malays in the Sabah & Sarawak, Philippines were mainly Christian. Malays found at Thailand & Cambodia plus Myanmar were 905 Buddhist.

  69. Very Good Explaination, Love It!!!!!!!!!!:)

  70. This did not help me at all

  71. Reblogged this on BLOODYHELL and commented:
    The TRUE history of Malaysia

  72. That was great, because I was looking for slang explanation of the history, and plz write me or lead me to websites which is also explain the earlier history of Malaysia, also how a normal Malaysian know his/her history and he they looks at it,
    I was living and studying in Malaysia and Malaysia will be my home forever, also I love this country and also it’s come with some academical purposes,
    thanks,

  73. RPK makes stories sound so believable. Such is his gift.

    Unfortunately, there are factual errors in his writing. The Bugis did not just fight and plunder as he claims. They were also “the best merchants among the eastern islands” and instrumental in making Penang a successful trading port since the 18th century, as described by letters by Francis Light and Farquhar and the Straits Settlements documents.

    Moreover, historical documents and historians point to various events where ships have been attacked and looted by other Malays and the Chinese.

    And the first Bugis Sultan of Selangor was installed, not in the 15th or the 17th century, but the 18th century – in 1766 to be precise.

    Truth as well as error are contained in the rest of the story. I suggest people read at least JM Gullick’s History of Selangor or Andaya’s Perak, the Abode of Grace to start with, unless people are contented with errors, distortions and half-truths.

    • No doubt,they were Bugis who came over in the 1700s’,thus setting up sultanates here in Selangor.

      1100s’..Parameswara fled Palembang to Temasek( Singapore),& in turn escaped into forming the Malaccan sultanate.

      Kedah’s was the done earlier in the 6th AD .

      But, who were these Bugis from Aceh, Palembang? Where did they originate from? No traces of homo erectus were unearthed & reported in this island of Indonesia thus far….

  74. linundus abigail seha peterik Says:

    really nice history

  75. Thank you for good story about malaysian india

  76. Well done Raja Petra. An excellent and informative website which educates and provides much food for thought in relation to Malaysian history.

  77. Proud to be Indian……

  78. Thava Subramaniam Says:

    so refreshing :)

  79. Adam Haikal Says:

    the story is good but til now there is no proof to such… I would really like to hv proof…

  80. Had some argumentative interaction in the social website lately, and very amusing to find out how ‘shallow’,rather absurd, our young adults were today.
    Some didn’t knew Sri Vijayan Parameswara was the first king,not withstanding he’s from India.Some even contradict Sri Vijaya & Seri Wijaya??

    Their argument?Nusantara,latest historical re-writings by some locally paid incoherent, was an ancient kingdom which emerged from the peninsular??!!They knew nothing of Asokas,Guptas & Sri Vijayans ,& the roles they played from which we learnt in school in the ’70s!!

    All others were brought here by the colonial masters to labour in the estates & mines by the colonist only by the 1800s???!!They haven’t heard of the Golden Chersonese of the 1st AD.They didn’t know of the longest reclining statue of Buddha’s at Tumpat,Kelantan!

    They didn’t knew that Thais’ Malays were mainly Buddhist,& Malays in the Philippines were 80% Christians!They were denying the natives in the east island of our country were malays as well??!!They incompatibly argued that the Orang Aslis were the original malays!!They didn’t learn of the orang asli Negritos trekked here from Africa??!!Did these brainwashes, without thinking abilities simply championed their arguments with ridiculous altered history which they inherited recently from schools??

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